SCI103 Biology Simplified

The goal of medical treatments is to change our biology to avoid, prevent, or reduce the impact of diseases. But biology is a very broad and deep field. In this course, you will learn the basic biological processes and ways that have been used to impact them. This is a primer for the non-biologist struggling to understand the types of treatments being explored.

Vocabulary

Intracellular, extracellular, Aqueous, cytoplasm, organelles, nucleus, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi Bodies, Lysosomes, microtubules, cytoskeleton, structural protein, enzyme, receptor, signal protein, transport proteins, primary protein structure, secondary protein structure, tertiary protein structure, quaternary protein structure, ion channels, cell membrane, permeable, phospholipids, lipid bilayer, hydrophilic heads, hydrophobic tails, extracellular fluid, cell membrane protein, carbohydrates, fluid mosaic model, protein channels, cell division, daughter cells, unicellular, bacteria, asexual reproduction, binary fission, multicellular organisms, gametes, chromosomes, chromatin, DNA Replication, Chromatid, centromere, sperm, egg, zygote, Ribonucleic Acid (RNA), organic macromolecules, nucleic acid monomers, nucleotide, phosphate group, sugar, nitrogenous base, deoxyribose, ribose, Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Thymine (T), Cytosine (C), Uracil (U), hydrogen bond, purines, pyrimidines, double helix, eukaryotic cells, heredity, messenger RNA (mRNA), Ribosomal RNA (rRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), amino acids